It’s a secret fantasy that we all have as guitar players…
At some point or another in our lives.
Maybe it’s an old bluesman that inspires us…
Or maybe it’s that legendary master of psychedelic sounds.
But whatever YOUR reason…
If you’re reading this article, you’ve probably been playing for a while now…
And your curiosity with slide guitar has reached a point where you can no longer ignore it.
And while you might not be looking to make it your primary style…
For now at least, you’re ready to try it on your current guitar, and play around for a bit to see what sounds you can make.
Sound about right?
Well if so, you’ve come to the right place, because in this post, you’ll in-depth tutorial on the different types of slides and learn exactly how they compare in both sound and performance.
Before we begin though…
Some Quick Clarifications
At this point you, you might be vaguely familiar with slide-specific instruments such as:
- lap steel guitar
- pedal steel guitar
But in this post, we WON’T be covering any of these.
Instead…we’ll limit ourselves to casual slide-playing on standard electric and acoustic guitars.
Which means we’ll focus specifically on standard pipe-shaped slides…
And ignore all tone bars (example pictured here), which are typically used on horizontally positioned instruments such as the one shown above.
Got it? Now let’s continue…
The 4 Factors to Consider
The ideal slide comes down to a combination of 4 factors:
- Proper Fit
- Wall Thickness
So first up…
1. Proper Fit
The first step to find a properly-fitting slide is deciding which finger to hold it with.
Initially, you’ll probably find the ring finger most comfortable to use…as it allows you to use both your middle and pinky fingers for support.
Though harder at first, it’s preferable to learn using your pinky, because it leaves your other 3 fingers available for chords and fretting.
Once you’ve committed to a finger…
The next step is finding a slide that fits just snuggly enough over the first two joints of your finger, so that it won’t fall off when hanging downward, and can be manipulated without assistance from your adjacent fingers.
Unfortunately, finding the PERFECT size can be quite difficult, so one smart “hack” is to cover the interior of a larger slide with rubber or leather lining to create a custom fit.
Finally, you should also make sure that length of your slide “fits” the width of your fretboard. A standard slide should be just long enough to cover all 6 strings, but no longer.
Got it? Moving on…
As a general rule of thumb, heavier slides have:
- more volume
- more sustain
- less string buzzing
- warmer tones
And while #4 is more of a preference, the first 3 are all clearly good things.
However, there’s a trade-off…
Because heavier slides are also more difficult to manipulate, especially with lighter strings or a lower action, as you can easily press too hard on the strings, and bump into the fretboard.
So some experimenting must be done in order to find a good balance for both your hands and instrument.
But here’s a good starting point:
- electric guitars – generally work better with lighter slides for easier manipulation, because volume, sustain, and brightness can be adjusted elsewhere with effects.
- acoustic guitars – generally require heavier slides, because they rely on their own natural acoustics for volume and sustain.
3. Wall Thickness
The thicker the wall of the slide, the more weight it carries. That part’s obvious, right?
But here’s what not:
Thinner walled slides are easier to play because your fingers are closer to the actual strings, which essentially allows you to “feel” them more.
This is another reason why electric guitar players are more likely to choose lighter/thinner slides, as their effects chain allows them to be concerned more with playability, and less with tone.
Got it? Moving on…
While any type of smooth hard material CAN work as a slide…
There’s a specific “window” of hardness that gives you the ideal a range of sounds that slide players typically look for.
- TOO SOFT – and the sustain will be too short, as the vibrations will get absorbed and the note will die out quickly.
- TOO HARD – and there will be too much string noise, resulting in an irritating mess of high frequencies.
With anything in between though, what you generally find is a solid sustain, with a pleasing tonal balance.
Common Slide Materials
The ONE factor that ultimately determines the hardness, weight, and general playability of your slide is…
The material it’s made from.
The most common materials in slide-making are:
Each one has its own pros and cons…so let’s compare them now, shall we?
Back in the day, when all slides were cut from the tops of wine bottles…
Glass was the one and only option.
The softest and lightest of all materials…
Glass has the warmest tone, and the shortest sustain.
Since its texture is the smoothest, it also glides easiest across the strings.
Glass is obviously fragile as well, and can break if dropped.
While you will likely prefer the smoother sound of glass on acoustic guitar, you want to stick to the thicker walled models so that you still get an adequate amount of volume and sustain.
With electric guitars though, you have much more flexibility.
Here are a few of the more popular glass slide models I recommend checking out:
- Ernie Ball Glass – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
- Dunlop 210 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Dunlop DT01 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
- Dunlop RWS11 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
2. Metal (Steel/Brass)
Compared to glass, metal slides are harder and heavier…
Resulting in a sound that is both brighter and harsher, with a longer sustain.
Which is why they tend to be the slide of choice for electric guitar in the rock n roll/blues genres.
As a side benefit, they are also much more durable than glass.
The two most popular metals are steel and brass…
Brass being slightly denser and softer than, resulting in a slightly louder, yet darker sound, with a similar sustain.
Here are some of the most popular slides for each metal:
- Dunlop 222 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Dunlop 224 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Rock Slide – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
- Dunlop 220 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Fender Steel – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Dunlop 286 – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
As one of the newer developments in slide technology…
Ceramic slides are generally thought of as the option as a good compromise between glass and metal.
- The weight, hardness, and texture are all somewhere in between..
- So the sustain, tone, and glide are all in between as well.
Exactly where in between depends on the exact mixture used the ceramic. Certain ones can be harder and grittier, while others can be softer and smoother.
The biggest downside of ceramic though, is that it can be even more fragile than glass. So be careful not to drop them.
But for newbies who aren’t quite sure what they prefer yet…many sources will argue that a ceramic slide is the ideal starting point.
Here are some of the more popular models to check out:
- Dunlop Joe Perry – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Dunlop Rev Willy – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF)
- Dunlop Moonshine – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
- Rocky Mountain Salidan Middy – (Amazon/GuitarC/MusiciansF/Thomann)
And finally, to conclude this post…
With most slide newbies, common advice states to stick one of the standard slide options when you’re first starting out…
Since most are only interested in slides as a “special effect” rather than a dedicated style of play…
It DOES make sense to also check out of the more unusual slides that can be easily overlooked.
There are reversible slides such as the Jetslide, and the Shubb AX, which allow you to switch back and forth between slide and normal play simply by flipping it backwards.
There are flared slides (which are actually quite popular) such as the Dunlop Harris that conform to the natural curvature of the strings over the fretboard.
There are partial slides such as the Peaceland Guitar Ring which are specifically designed on cover less than all 6 strings.
And then there is a new carbon fiber slide known as the Carbide, which in theory, sounds like it could be the next big thing. But as of yet, it is too untested to really know for sure.
Here are the links to everything I mentioned above: